Characterization and Physical Properties of PolyvinylChloride/Silica Nanocomposite Films

Authors

  • Maryam Hussein Mohammad Department of Physics, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, 10052 Baghdad, IRAQ.
  • Asrar Abdulmunem Saeed Department of Physics, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, 10052 Baghdad, IRAQ. https://orcid.org/0000-0003-4677-7598

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23851/mjs.v34i4.1428

Keywords:

Physical Properties, Nanocomposite, PVC/ SiO2 Nanoparticle, XRD, FESEM, FTIR, UV-Visible

Abstract

Using polyvinyl chloride (PVC) and SiO2 NPs in Tetrahydrofuran (THF). The casting method produced thin films of (PVC) with various amounts of SiO2 nanoparticles (0.001, 0.002, 0.003, 0.004, and 0.005) g. XRD results showed that the PVC films and SiO2 NPs had an amorphous structure. The FESEM of PVC/SiO2 nanocomposite film shows excellent SiO2 dispersion on the PVC film surface. The FTIR spectrum indicated that SiO2 NPs did not influence polymer structure. UV-Vis spectroscopy has been used to study the effects of SiO2 NPs on PVC optical characteristics, including absorption spectrum, transmission spectrum, energy band gap, absorption coefficient, extinction coefficient, refractive index, and real and imaginary dielectric constants. It was found that with increasing SiO2 NPs amount, the optical energy gap of PVC/SiO2 nanocomposite films was reduced from 4.36 to 3.39 eV. The study shows that an increase in SiO2 NPs results in a change in all of these parameters.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

J. Kadham, D. Hassan, N. Mohammad, and A. H. Ah-yasari, "Fabrication of (polymer blend-magnesium oxide) nanoparticles and studying their optical properties for optoelectronic applications," Bulletin of Electrical Engineering and Informatics, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 28-34, 2018.

CrossRef

H. Kasım, "Electrical properties of graphene/natural rubber nanocomposites coated nylon 6.6 fabric under cyclic loading," Periodica Polytechnica Chemical Engineering, vol. 63, no. 1, pp. 160-169, 2019.

CrossRef

E. Abdel-Fattah, A. I. Alharthi, and T. Fahmy, "Spectroscopic, optical and thermal characterization of polyvinyl chloride-based plasma-functionalized MWCNTs composite thin films," Applied Physics A, vol. 125, no. 7, p. 475, 2019.

CrossRef

E. Yousif et al., "Optical properties of pure and modified poly (vinyl chloride)," International Journal of Industrial Chemistry, vol. 4, pp. 1-8, 2013.

CrossRef

D. Zhang et al., "Preparation of hydrophobic PVDF/PVC/nano-graphite composite membrane and its self-cleaning properties," Materials Research Express, vol. 7, no. 2, p. 26407, 2020.

CrossRef

A. Sakthisabarimoorthi, S. A. M. B. Dhas, and Mjms. Jose, "Fabrication and nonlinear optical investigations of SiO2@ Ag core-shell nanoparticles," Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing, vol. 71, pp. 69-75, 2017.

CrossRef

S. Mallakpour and Z. Khani, "Fabrication of poly(vinyl alcohol) nanocomposites having different contents of modified SiO2 by vitamin B1 as biosafe and novel coupling agent to improve mechanical and thermal properties," Polymer Composites, vol. 39, no. S3, pp. E1589-E1597, 2018.

CrossRef

M. Abdul Nabi et al., "Effect of nano ZnO on the optical properties of poly (vinyl chloride) films," International journal of polymer science, vol. 2014, 2014.

CrossRef

T. Abdel-Baset, M. Elzayat, and S. Mahrous, "Characterization and optical and dielectric properties of polyvinyl chloride/silica nanocomposites films," International Journal of Polymer Science, vol. 2016, 2016.

CrossRef

T. A. Taha, "Optical properties of PVC/Al2O3 nanocomposite films," Polymer Bulletin, vol. 76, no. 2, pp. 903-918, 2019.

CrossRef

G. A. H. A. Jabbar, A. A. Saeed, and M. F. H. AL-Kadhemy, "Impact of ZnO Nanoparticles on the Structural and Optical Properties of Poly (vinyl alcohol) Film," Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 33, no. 4, pp. 153-161, 2022.

CrossRef

K. H. H. Al-Attiyah, A. Hashim, and S. F. Obaid, "Fabrication of novel (carboxymethyl cellulose-polyvinylpyrrolidone-polyvinyl alcohol)/lead oxide nanoparticles: structural and optical properties for gamma rays shielding applications," International Journal of Plastics Technology, vol. 23, pp. 39-45, 2019.

CrossRef

Q. M. Jebur, A. Hashim, and M. A. Habeeb, "Structural, electrical and optical properties for (polyvinyl alcohol-polyethylene oxide-magnesium oxide) nanocomposites for optoelectronics applications," Transactions on Electrical and Electronic Materials, vol. 20, no. 4, pp. 334-343, 2019.

CrossRef

H. A. Gaid, M. F. H. Al-Kadhemy, and A. Abdulmunem, "Analyses the Scope of Solar Radiation Transmittance and Physical Properties of Polymethyl Methacrylate/Zinc Oxide Nanocomposite Films," Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 34, no. 1, pp. 87-96, 2023.

CrossRef

T. A. Jassim and A. A. Saeed, "Effect of gamma irradiation on the physical properties of PVA polymer," in IOP Conference Series: Materials Science and Engineering, 2020, vol. 928, no. 7, p. 72137.

CrossRef

Y. M. Jawad, M. F. H. Al-Kadhemy, and J. A. S. Salman, "Synthesis structural and optical properties of CMC/MgO nanocomposites," in Materials Science Forum, 2021, vol. 1039, pp. 104-114.

CrossRef

A. A. Saeed, "Optical Properties of Polystyrene Films Doped by Methyl Green Dye," Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 158-163, 2017.

CrossRef

A. A. K. Al-Hasnawi and I. A. D. Al-Hydary, "The devitrification kinetics of transparent silica glass prepared by gel-casting method," Matéria (Rio de Janeiro), vol. 24, 2019.

CrossRef

S. Musić, N. Filipović-Vinceković, and L. Sekovanić, "Precipitation of amorphous SiO2 particles and their properties," Brazilian journal of chemical engineering, vol. 28, pp. 89-94, 2011.

CrossRef

B. Kayyarapu, M. Kumar Y, H. B. Mohommad, G. Neeruganti O, and R. Chekuri, "Structural, thermal and optical properties of pure and Mn 2+ doped poly (vinyl chloride) films," Materials Research, vol. 19, pp. 1167-1175, 2016.

CrossRef

A. M. A. Henaish and A. S. Abouhaswa, "Effect of WO 3 nanoparticle doping on the physical properties of PVC polymer," Bulletin of Materials Science, vol. 43, no. 1, p. 149, 2020.

CrossRef

A. Sharaf, M. A. Elhady, A. Abdel-Galil, S. M. Eladl, and A. Nasr, "Synthesis and characterization of gamma irradiated polyvinyl chloride/graphite carbon nitride nanocomposite films for electronic applications," Journal of Thermoplastic Composite Materials, p. 08927057231167415, 2023.

CrossRef

Y. M. Jawad, M. F. H. Al-Kadhemy, J. A. S. Salman, and F. J. Kadhum, "Study the effect of the incorporation of silicon dioxide nanoparticles on improved performance of carboxymethyl cellulose physical characteristics," in AIP Conference Proceedings, 2022, vol. 2398, no. 1, p. 20047.

CrossRef

H. Ikeda, S. Fujino, and T. Kajiwara, "Preparation of SiO2-PVA nanocomposite and monolithic transparent silica glass by sintering," Journal of the Ceramic Society of Japan, vol. 119, no. 1385, pp. 65-69, 2011.

CrossRef

J. Zhang, R. Tu, and T. Goto, "Fabrication of transparent SiO2 glass by pressureless sintering and spark plasma sintering," Ceramics International, vol. 38, no. 4, pp. 2673-2678, 2012.

CrossRef

J. H. Nahida and Z. M. Ali, "A study of the effect of silica particle addition on some physical properties of PVC as a packaging material," Iraqi Journal of Physics, vol. 13, no. 26, pp. 76-91, 2015.

CrossRef

K. S. Hemalatha, K. Rukmani, N. Suriyamurthy, and B. M. Nagabhushana, "Synthesis, characterization and optical properties of hybrid PVA-ZnO nanocomposite: a composition dependent study," Materials Research Bulletin, vol. 51, pp. 438-446, 2014.

CrossRef

S. Pervaiz, N. Kanwal, S. A. Hussain, M. Saleem, and I. A. Khan, "Study of structural, optical and dielectric properties of ZnO/PVDF-based flexible sheets," Journal of Polymer Research, vol. 28, pp. 1-13, 2021.

CrossRef

K. Vimala et al., "Fabrication of curcumin encapsulated chitosan-PVA silver nanocomposite films for improved antimicrobial activity," Journal of Biomaterials and Nanobiotechnology, vol. 2, no. 01, p. 55, 2011.

CrossRef

N. Reddeppa, A. K. Sharma, V. V. R. N. Rao, and W. Chen, "Preparation and characterization of pure and KBr doped polymer blend (PVC/PEO) electrolyte thin films," Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 112, pp. 57-62, 2013.

CrossRef

Downloads

Published

30-12-2023

Submission Dates

Received: 11/06/2023

Revised: 11/07/2023

Accepted: 23/07/2023

How to Cite

[1]
M. H. Mohammad and A. A. . Saeed, “Characterization and Physical Properties of PolyvinylChloride/Silica Nanocomposite Films”, Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 138–147, Dec. 2023.

Issue

Section

Physical Sciences