New stabilizer Cellulose Nano Rods-Zinc Oxide (CNR-ZnO) material for nanocomposite synthesis and anti-bacterial applications


  • Wisam Jafer Aziz Department of Physics, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University.
  • Randa Kamel Hussain Department of Physics, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University.
  • Ibraheem Abbas Ibraheem Department of Physics, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University.



Keywords, ZnO, In doping, thin film and chemical spray pyrolysis.


Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods were fabricated using Cellulose Nano Rods (CNR) as a new stabilizer material. Synthesized of ZnO-CNR nanocomposites, with a molar ratio of ZnO to CNR (1/2g) were prepared in distilled water. The nanocomposites were distinguished using X-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis), and Field Emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) techniques. XRD data were showed, the ZnO nanorods with a hexagonal wurtzite structure such readily scattered inside CNR with an average size 20-40 nm. (FESEM) images showed the homogenous morphology of Zinc oxide rods. The optimum ratio of ZnO-CNR was selected to be the tiny size of the ZnO nanorods that yielded a good stabilizer material and antibacterial activity. The ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorption spectrum of the ZnO-CNR nanocomposites appeared absorption peaks in the ultraviolet region at (350-360 nm) wavelength attributes with the energy gap of (3.41 eV) of ZnO-CNR. The antibacterial activities of samples have been investigated against the Gram-positive (pneumonia) and gram-negative (pseudomonas). The maximum antibacterial activities against the Gram-positive (pneumonia) of ZnO nanorods and of ZnO- cellulose nanorods are 16 mm and 22 mm respectively. The optimum anti-bacterial activities versus the Gram-negative (pseudomonas) of zinc oxide nanorods and zinc oxide- cellulose nanorods are 17 mm and 19 mm respectively. The optimum anti-bacterial activities versus the Gram-negative (pseudomonas) of zinc oxide nanosheet and of zinc oxide- cellulose nanorods are 17 mm and 22 mm.


J. Löffler, R. Groenen, J. L. Linden, M. C. M. van de Sanden, and R. E. I. Schropp, "Amorphous silicon solar cells on natively textured ZnO grown by PECVD," Thin Solid Films, vol. 392, no. 2, pp. 315-319, 2001/07/30/ 2001. CROSSREF

M. Purica, E. Budianu, E. Rusu, M. Danila, and R. Gavrila, "Optical and structural investigation of ZnO thin films prepared by chemical vapor deposition (CVD)," Thin Solid Films, vol. 403-404, pp. 485-488, 2002/02/01/ 2002. CROSSREF

D. Bao, H. Gu, and A. Kuang, "Sol-gel-derived c-axis oriented ZnO thin films," Thin Solid Films, vol. 312, no. 1, pp. 37-39, 1998/01/14/ 1998. CROSSREF

Z. M. Jarzebski, "Preparation and physical properties of transparent conducting oxide films," physica status solidi (a), vol. 71, no. 1, pp. 13-41, 1982/05/16 1982. CROSSREF

S. Studenikin, N. Golego, and M. J. J. o. A. P. Cocivera, "Optical and electrical properties of undoped ZnO films grown by spray pyrolysis of zinc nitrate solution," vol. 83, no. 4, pp. 2104-2111, 1998. CROSSREF

R. Ayouchi, D. Leinen, Martı, x, F. n, M. Gabas, E. Dalchiele, and J. R. Ramos-Barrado, "Preparation and characterization of transparent ZnO thin films obtained by spray pyrolysis," Thin Solid Films, vol. 426, no. 1, pp. 68-77, 2003/02/24/ 2003. CROSSREF

M. M. De Souza Lima, J. T. Wong, M. Paillet, R. Borsali, and R. Pecora, "Translational and Rotational Dynamics of Rodlike Cellulose Whiskers," Langmuir, vol. 19, no. 1, pp. 24-29, 2003/01/01 2003. CROSSREF

Y. Shin, I.-T. Bae, B. W. Arey, and G. J. Exarhos, "Facile Stabilization of Gold-silver Alloy Nanoparticles on Cellulose Nanocrystal," The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 112, no. 13, pp. 4844-4848, 2008/04/01 2008. CROSSREF

A. Šturcová, G. R. Davies, and S. J. Eichhorn, "Elastic Modulus and Stress-Transfer Properties of Tunicate Cellulose Whiskers," Biomacromolecules, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1055-1061, 2005/03/01 2005. CROSSREF

T. Nishino, I. Matsuda, and K. Hirao, "All-Cellulose Composite," Macromolecules, vol. 37, no. 20, pp. 7683-7687, 2004/10/01 2004. CROSSREF

J. He, T. Kunitake, and A. Nakao, "Facile In Situ Synthesis of Noble Metal Nanoparticles in Porous Cellulose Fibers," Chemistry of Materials, vol. 15, no. 23, pp. 4401-4406, 2003/11/01 2003. CROSSREF

H. Liu, D. Wang, Z. Song, and S. Shang, "Preparation of silver nanoparticles on cellulose nanocrystals and the application in electrochemical detection of DNA hybridization," Cellulose, vol. 18, no. 1, pp. 67-74, 2011/02/01 2011. CROSSREF

J. Cai, S. Kimura, M. Wada, and S. Kuga, "Nanoporous Cellulose as Metal Nanoparticles Support," Biomacromolecules, vol. 10, no. 1, pp. 87-94, 2009/01/12 2009. CROSSREF

"Standard Terms and Their Definition for Cellulose Nanomaterial," 2017.

D. Bondeson, A. Mathew, and K. J. C. Oksman, "Optimization of the isolation of nanocrystals from microcrystalline cellulose by acid hydrolysis," vol. 13, no. 2, p. 171, 2006. CROSSREF

H. Abushammala, R. Goldsztayn, A. Leao, and M.-P. Laborie, "Combining steam explosion with 1-ethyl-3-methylimidazlium acetate treatment of wood yields lignin-coated cellulose nanocrystals of high aspect ratio," Cellulose, vol. 23, no. 3, pp. 1813-1823, 2016/06/01 2016. CROSSREF

I. A. Sacui, R. C. Nieuwendaal, D. J. Burnett, S. J. Stranick, M. Jorfi, C. Weder, E. J. Foster, R. T. Olsson, and J. W. Gilman, "Comparison of the Properties of Cellulose Nanocrystals and Cellulose Nanofibrils Isolated from Bacteria, Tunicate, and Wood Processed Using Acid, Enzymatic, Mechanical, and Oxidative Methods," ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 6, no. 9, pp. 6127-6138, 2014/05/14 2014. CROSSREF

K. Sahoo and J. Nayak, "ZnO-cellulose nanocomposite powder for application in UV sensors," in AIP Conference Proceedings, 2017, vol. 1832, no. 1, p. 050090: AIP Publishing. CROSSREF

F. Paladini, M. Pollini, A. Sannino, and L. Ambrosio, "Metal-Based Antibacterial Substrates for Biomedical Applications," Biomacromolecules, vol. 16, no. 7, pp. 1873-1885, 2015/07/13 2015. CROSSREF

Z. Sharifalhoseini, M. H. Entezari, and R. Jalal, "Evaluation of antibacterial activity of anticorrosive electroless Ni-P coating against Escherichia coli and its enhancement by deposition of sono-synthesized ZnO nanoparticles," Surface and Coatings Technology, vol. 266, pp. 160-166, 2015/03/25/ 2015. CROSSREF

N. A. Ibrahim, T. M. Abou Elmaaty, B. M. Eid, and E. Abd El-Aziz, "Combined antimicrobial finishing and pigment printing of cotton/polyester blends," Carbohydrate Polymers, vol. 95, no. 1, pp. 379-388, 2013/06/05/ 2013. CROSSREF

P. Petkova, A. Francesko, M. M. Fernandes, E. Mendoza, I. Perelshtein, A. Gedanken, and T. Tzanov, "Sonochemical Coating of Textiles with Hybrid ZnO/Chitosan Antimicrobial Nanoparticles," ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces, vol. 6, no. 2, pp. 1164-1172, 2014/01/22 2014. CROSSREF

H. R. Ghorbani, F. P. Mehr, H. Pazoki, and B. M. J. O. J. o. C. Rahmani, "Synthesis of ZnO nanoparticles by precipitation method," vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 1219-1221, 2015. CROSSREF

S. Abbas, K. Hussain, Z. Hussain, R. Ali, and T. J. P. A. A. Abbas, "Anti-Bacterial Activity of Different Soaps Available in Local Market of Rawalpindi (Pakistan) against Daily Encountered Bacteria," vol. 7, no. 522, p. 2, 2016. CROSSREF

O. Tobail, "Porous silicon for thin solar cell fabrication," 2008.

J. Ma, F. Ji, H.-l. Ma, and S.-y. Li, "Preparation and properties of transparent conducting zinc oxide and aluminum-doped zinc oxide films prepared by evaporating method," Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, vol. 60, no. 4, pp. 341-348, 2000/02/01/ 2000. CROSSREF




How to Cite

W. J. Aziz, R. K. Hussain, and I. A. Ibraheem, “New stabilizer Cellulose Nano Rods-Zinc Oxide (CNR-ZnO) material for nanocomposite synthesis and anti-bacterial applications”, MJS, vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 52–57, Apr. 2020.



Physical Sciences

Similar Articles

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.