New stabilizer Cellulose Nano Rods-Zinc Oxide (CNR-ZnO) material for nanocomposite synthesis and anti-bacterial applications


  • Wisam Jafer Aziz Department of Physics, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University.
  • Randa Kamel Hussain Department of Physics, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University.
  • Ibraheem Abbas Ibraheem Department of Physics, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University.



Keywords, ZnO, In doping, thin film and chemical spray pyrolysis.


Zinc oxide (ZnO) nanorods were fabricated using Cellulose Nano Rods (CNR) as a new stabilizer material. Synthesized of ZnO-CNR nanocomposites, with a molar ratio of ZnO to CNR (1/2g) were prepared in distilled water. The nanocomposites were distinguished using X-ray diffraction (XRD), ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis), and Field Emission scanning electron microscope (FESEM) techniques. XRD data were showed, the ZnO nanorods with a hexagonal wurtzite structure such readily scattered inside CNR with an average size 20-40 nm. (FESEM) images showed the homogenous morphology of Zinc oxide rods. The optimum ratio of ZnO-CNR was selected to be the tiny size of the ZnO nanorods that yielded a good stabilizer material and antibacterial activity. The ultraviolet-visible (UV-Vis) absorption spectrum of the ZnO-CNR nanocomposites appeared absorption peaks in the ultraviolet region at (350-360 nm) wavelength attributes with the energy gap of (3.41 eV) of ZnO-CNR. The antibacterial activities of samples have been investigated against the Gram-positive (pneumonia) and gram-negative (pseudomonas). The maximum antibacterial activities against the Gram-positive (pneumonia) of ZnO nanorods and of ZnO- cellulose nanorods are 16 mm and 22 mm respectively. The optimum anti-bacterial activities versus the Gram-negative (pseudomonas) of zinc oxide nanorods and zinc oxide- cellulose nanorods are 17 mm and 19 mm respectively. The optimum anti-bacterial activities versus the Gram-negative (pseudomonas) of zinc oxide nanosheet and of zinc oxide- cellulose nanorods are 17 mm and 22 mm.


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How to Cite

W. J. Aziz, R. K. Hussain, and I. A. Ibraheem, “New stabilizer Cellulose Nano Rods-Zinc Oxide (CNR-ZnO) material for nanocomposite synthesis and anti-bacterial applications”, Al-Mustansiriyah J. Sci., vol. 31, no. 2, pp. 52–57, Apr. 2020, doi: 10.23851/mjs.v31i2.694.

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