Dynamical Analysis of Severe Rain Events over Iraq
Keywords:rainfall, meteorological elements, dynamical analysis, period
AbstractAbstract Rain is one of the most important meteorological elements for the various forms of life. Over time, because of the changes in the Earth's climate, patterns of precipitation have changed. Many areas have suffered from lack of water resources. Others have become completely dry and turned into arid deserts. For these reasons, increased interest in climate studies, especially those related to rainfall. In this study, the statistical indicators was showed for the mean annual rainfall is about 225.84 mm and rainfall fluctuates around this mean, and the trend of rainfall was decreasing for period (1983-2017). The mean of monthly rainfall indicate that the highest amount is less than40 mm/month. The histograms of monthly rain shows the highest counts of(40-50) mm, (30-40) mm, (20-30) mm, ( 10-20)mm, (0-10)mm intervals for same period. By using TRMM daily rainfall maps to study the dynamical analysis of severe rainfall cases was conducted in Iraq for four individual study cases. The highest values are ranged between (80- 160) mm. Eleven meteorological elements were selected to study their behavior in the process of severe rainfall in these study cases as the (1000-500) mb thickness, mean sea level pressure, the 850 hPa (relative humidity, temperature and streamlines), the 500 hPa (vorticity and geopotential height), the 200 hPa (streamlines and isotaches), the Convective Available Potential Energy (CAPE) and the Total Cloud Water Vapor (TCWV) founding some of the results that were illustrated in this paper.
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