Evolution the Relationship Between Physiologically Equivalent Temperature and Some Meteorological Parameters for Basra City, Iraq





Physiologically equivalent temperature, Bioclimatic condition, Thermal discomfort, Rayman model, Basra


Background: Physiologically equivalent temperatures (PET) is highly efficient in evaluating the thermal component of any given microclimate as a single thermal index. The assist stakeholders in understanding and interpreting existing bioclimatic, allowing them to make any required modifications and become more robust to predicted climate change. Objective: This study assesses the relationship between Physiologically equivalent temperatures (PET) and some Meteorological Parameters. Methods: The data for this study includes observed mean monthly air temperature values, relative humidity, and wind speed for the period (2001-2020). The data was acquired from “Iraqi Meteorological Organization and Seismology (IMOS)” stations for Basra city. The radiation and Human Bioclimatic (RayMan) model were used to simulate bioclimatic indices (SET, UTCI, PET, PMV). Results: The findings revealed that the greatest mean values for PMV (4.3), SET (36.3), PET (45.5), and UTCI (42.1) were seen in July and August. The measurements have a nice thermal sensation of PMV (-0.5 - 1.9), SET (19.2- 29), PET (18.1- 31.8), and UTCI (15.9 - 28.7) is most noticeable in the months of (March, April, and October). The results showed the PET values (cool) and (Slightly cool) between (9- 18.3) for January, February, March, and December. The value of UTCI was between (5.9- 8.5) within classes (Slight cold stress), the values of PMV (-2.6- (-2.1)) within classes (strong cold stress) and (Slight cold stress) and the value of SET was (10.2- 12.4) within classes (Slight cold stress). Conclusions: Correlations between PET and air temperature (0.99), indicating good agreement between PET and air  temperature, and relative humidity (0.96). PET and wind speed (R2=0.56). The scattering pattern of PET and other thermal indices shows that all indexes have a significant correlation coefficient, between PET and UTCI (R2=0.99), between PET and SET (R2=0.98), and (R2=0.99) between PET and PMV.


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Data Availability Statement

The data was acquired from Iraqi Meteorological Organization and Seismology (IMOS) stations for Basra city for the period 2001–2020.



Original Article

How to Cite

Z. A. Al-Ramahy, “Evolution the Relationship Between Physiologically Equivalent Temperature and Some Meteorological Parameters for Basra City, Iraq”, Al-Mustansiriyah J. Sci., vol. 35, no. 2, pp. 108–115, Jun. 2024, doi: 10.23851/mjs.v35i2.1492.

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