Evaluation the activity of Onion root exudate as promoter rooting for stem cuttings of Quisqualis indica.
Keywords:Quisqualis indica stem cuttings, onion root exudate, date fruit extract, yeast, IBA
AbstractThe present study was carried out in the botanical garden \ department of biology \ college of science in ALmustansiriyah University, Baghdad. During autumn 2016 under natural environmental conditions in plastic house. The aim of this study was to evaluate the activity of Onion root exudate and date fruit (Al Khastawi cultivar) aqueous extracts and yeast as root promoters on stem cuttings of the difficult rooting Quisqualis indica shrub.. All extracts were used at different concentrations (2.5, 1.25 ) gm\ L ) , with semi hard wood cuttings for two dipping times (24, 48) hours. The results indicated that the highest concentrations and the longest dipping time gave the best results in promoting root formations. The onion root exudate gave the highest results in rooting percentage ,root numbers and root lengths compare to1000 mg\l IBA treatment and other treatments. The biochemical analysis indicated that the absence of IAA in Onion root exudate and date fruit extract.
- Saeed Ahmed, Nasir Mahmood , Mushtaq Ali , Nazeer Ahmadb, Muhammad Junaidc, & Abdus Samadd ,2013. Effect of planting time on cuttings of Rangoon creeper, Pure Appl. Bio, 2(1): 24-27.
- K. Anu Kiruthika , A.Amutha Jaisheeba and R. Sornaraj , 2013.
Evaluation of antibacterial activity of some selected Angiosperm flower extract. International Journal of ChemTech Research, Vol. 3, No.4, 1945-1951.
- Jyoti Sahu,Pushpendra Kumar Pate,Balakrishna Dubey,2012. Quisqualis indica Linn : A Review of its Medicinal Properties, International Journal of Pharmaceutical and Phytopharmacological Research ,Vol: 1(5): 313-321.
- .Mohy Eldeen Nour Eldaim Elgimabi,2009. Improvement of propagation by hardwood cuttings with or without wsing plastic tunnel in (Quisqualis indica) Advances in Biological Research 3 (1-2): 16-18.
- Wiesman Z, and Jaenicke H .(2002). Introduction to vegetative tree propagation: concepts and principles. In: Jaenicke H, and Beniest J (eds): Vegetative Tree Propagation inAgroforestry: Training Guidelines and References. pp.148.
- Fachirah Ulfa, Enny Lisan , Baharuddin , Nadira R. , Rafiuddin , Nurfaida and Ifayanti. (2013). Potential of Plant Extracts as Growth Exogenous Regulators of Potato Seeds. Volume 1 Issue 2.
-Fett, W. F., S. F. Osman, and M. F. Dunn. 1987. Auxin production by plant-pathogenic pseudomonads and xanthomonads. Appl. Environ. Microbiol. 53:1839-1845.
- Neumann G, Römheld V. 2001. The release of root exudates as affected by plant's physiological status. In: Pinton R, Varanini Z, Nannipieri P., eds. The rhizosphere—biochemistry and organic substances at the soil-plant interface. New York: Marcel Decker, 41–93.
- Uren, N. C. Types, , 2000. amounts, and possible functions of compounds released into the rhizosphere by soil-grown plants. In The Rhizosphere: Biochemistry and organic substances at the soil-plant interface. Pinton, R.; Varanini, Z., Nannipieri, P., Eds.; Marcel Dekker: New York; pp. 19-40.
-. Bertin C.; Yang X.; Weston, L. A. 2003, The role of root exudates and allelochemicals in the rhizosphere. Plant Soil 256, 67-83.
- BartolnIh, G., Pestellh, M. A. Toponiz arid and G. D Montez. (1996). Rooting and carbohydrate availability in vitis 140 Ruggeri stem cuttings. Vitis 35(1).
- Kim YJ, Pyo HK, Yu TY, Yeam DY . (1977). Physiological mechanism of seasonal fl uctuation of rooting in Korean boxwood (Buxus microphylla var. Koreana Nakai) cutting. J Kor Soc Hort Sci 18: 63-87.
- Hambrick CE, Davies FT, Pemberton HB . (1985). Effect of cutting position and carbohydrate/nitrogen ratio on seasonal rooting of Rosa multifl ora. HortScience 20: 570.
- Haissig BE. (1974). Influences of auxin synergists on adventitious root primordium initiation and development. NZ J. For. Sci 4: 311-323.
How to Cite
Articles accepted for publication in Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science (MJS) are protected under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC-BY-NC). Authors of accepted articles are requested to sign a copyright release form prior to their article being published. All authors must agree to the submission, sign copyright release forms, and agree to be included in any correspondence between MJS and the authors before submitting a work to MJS. For personal or educational use, permission is given without charge to print or create digital copies of all or portions of a MJS article. However, copies must not be produced or distributed for monetary gain. It is necessary to respect the copyright of any parts of this work that are not owned by MJS.