Enhancing Meditation Techniques and Insights Using Feature Analysis of Electroencephalography (EEG)


  • Zahraa Maki Khadam Department of Computer Science, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, 10052 Baghdad, IRAQ.
  • Abbas Abdulazeez Abdulhameed Department of Computer Science, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, 10052 Baghdad, IRAQ. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1132-2756
  • Ahmed Hammad DISC - UFR-ST (Campus La Bouloie), Bât C - 16 route de Gray CS11809, 25030 BESANCON cedex, FRANCE.




Brain-Computer Interfaces (BCIs), electroencephalography (EEG), IoT


Through a Bluetooth connection between the Muse 2 device and the meditation app, leveraging IoT capabilities. The methodology encompasses data collection, preprocessing, feature extraction, and model training, all while utilizing Internet of Things (IoT) functionalities. The Muse 2 device records EEG data from multiple electrodes, which is then processed and analyzed within a mobile meditation platform. Preprocessing steps involve eliminating redundant columns, handling missing data, normalizing, and filtering, making use of IoT-enabled techniques. Feature extraction is carried out on EEG signals, utilizing statistical measures such as mean, standard deviation, and entropy. Three different models, including Support Vector Machine (SVM), Random Forest, and Multi-Layer Perceptron (MLP), are trained using the preprocessed data, incorporating Internet of Things (IoT) based methodologies. Model performance is assessed using metrics like accuracy, precision, recall, and F1-score, highlighting the effectiveness of IoT-driven techniques. Notably, the MLP and Random Forest models demonstrate remarkable accuracy and precision, underlining the potential of this IoT-integrated approach. Specifically, the three models achieved high accuracies, with Random Forest leading at 0.999, followed by SVM at 0.959 and MLP at 0.99. This study not only contributes to the field of brain-computer interfaces and assistive technologies but also showcases a viable method to seamlessly integrate the Muse 2 device into meditation practices, promoting self-awareness and mindfulness with the added power of IoT technology.


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Original Article

How to Cite

Z. M. Khadam, A. A. . . Abdulhameed, and A. . Hammad, “Enhancing Meditation Techniques and Insights Using Feature Analysis of Electroencephalography (EEG)”, Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 35, no. 1, pp. 66–77, Mar. 2024, doi: 10.23851/mjs.v35i1.1457.

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