Pore Size Dependence of Optical Absorption Enhancement in Porous Anodic Aluminum Oxide
Keywords:AAO template, porous materials, FDTD, absorbance spectrum of Alumina, Lumerical solution
Three samples of high ordered AAO template were prepared via a two-step anodization procedure, the pore size was modified during the pore-widening process to tune the pore diameter to 50, 70, and 90 nm. Scanning electron microscopy (SEM) was adopted to gauge the pore diameter and the cell unit of the periodical hexagonal structure of the prepared AAO templates. In addition, the UV-vis spectrometer shows the variation of the absorbance spectrum for each pore size of the prepared AAO templates. To prove that the pore diameter (PD) and the intermediate layer (IL) could enhance the absorbance of the materials, a Lumerical FDTD solution was used by involving the exact experimental conditions of the AAO template. The resulting data show that a specific pore diameter with a specific intermediate layer can improve the absorbance spectrum of the materials. Thus, the results could serve the applications related to solar energy conversion (antireflective and photocatalyst) and photonics.
L. Hu, H. Wu, and Y. Cui, "Metal nanogrids, nanowires, and nanofibers for transparent electrodes," MRS Bulletin, vol. 36, no. 10, pp. 760-765, 2011.
H. Zhao, L. Liu, Y. Fang, R. Vellacheri, and Y. Lei, "Nickel nanopore arrays as promising current collectors for constructing solid-state supercapacitors with ultrahigh rate performance," Frontiers of Chemical Science and Engineering, vol. 12, no. 3, pp. 339-345, 2018.
A. Al-Haddad, Z. Zhan, C. Wang, S. Tarish, R. Vellacheria, and Y. Lei, "Facile Transferring of Wafer-Scale Ultrathin Alumina Membranes onto Substrates for Nanostructure Patterning," ACS Nano, vol. 9, no. 8, pp. 8584-8591, 2015.
L. Liang et al., "Large-scale highly ordered Sb nanorod array anodes with high capacity and rate capability for sodium-ion batteries," Energy & Environmental Science, vol. 8, no. 10, pp. 2954-2962, 2015.
A. Al-Haddad et al., "TiN@Al2O3/Al nanocapacitor based on anodic aluminum oxide template," in AIP Conference Proceedings, 2020, vol. 2307, no. 1, p. 020016: AIP Publishing LLC.
X. Wang et al., "Ordered single-crystalline Bi nanowire arrays embedded in nanochannels of anodic alumina membranes," Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, vol. 34, no. 3, p. 418, 2001.
L. Li, "Influence of phosphorous acid on electrodeposition of cobalt in pores of porous anodic films of aluminum," Journal of materials science letters, vol. 20, no. 15, pp. 1459-1461, 2001.
T. Gao et al., "Template synthesis of single-crystal Cu nanowire arrays by electrodeposition," Applied Physics A, vol. 73, no. 2, pp. 251-254, 2001.
Y. Li, G. Meng, L. Zhang, and F. Phillipp, "Ordered semiconductor ZnO nanowire arrays and their photoluminescence properties," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 76, no. 15, pp. 2011-2013, 2000.
D. Xu, X. Shi, G. Guo, L. Gui, and Y. Tang, "Electrochemical preparation of CdSe nanowire arrays," The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, vol. 104, no. 21, pp. 5061-5063, 2000.
J. Zhang, L. Zhang, X. Wang, C. Liang, X. Peng, and Y. Wang, "Fabrication and photoluminescence of ordered GaN nanowire arrays," The Journal of Chemical Physics, vol. 115, no. 13, pp. 5714-5717, 2001.
H. Masuda and K. Fukuda, "Ordered metal nanohole arrays made by a two-step replication of honeycomb structures of anodic alumina," Science, vol. 268, no. 5216, pp. 1466-1468, 1995.
H. K. Habool, R. S. Sabry, and A. H. Al-Fouadi, "Novel fabrication of Ag nanostructures by template-based and photo reduction method," Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 29, no. 1, 2018.
X. Wang and G.-R. Han, "Fabrication and characterization of anodic aluminum oxide template," Microelectronic Engineering, vol. 66, no. 1-4, pp. 166-170, 2003.
A. K. Albarazanchi, A. Al‐Haddad, and M. F. Sultan, "Plasmonic Enhancement Mechanism of Template‐Based Synthesized Au@TiO2 Nanodiscs," ChemNanoMat, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 27-33, 2021.
O. Jessensky, F. Müller, and U. Gösele, "Self-organized formation of hexagonal pore arrays in anodic alumina," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 72, no. 10, pp. 1173-1175, 1998.
D. Routkevitch, A. Tager, J. Haruyama, D. Almawlawi, M. Moskovits, and J. M. Xu, "Nonlithographic nano-wire arrays: fabrication, physics, and device applications," IEEE transactions on electron devices, vol. 43, no. 10, pp. 1646-1658, 1996.
H. Masuda, H. Yamada, M. Satoh, H. Asoh, M. Nakao, and T. Tamamura, "Highly ordered nanochannel-array architecture in anodic alumina," Applied Physics Letters, vol. 71, no. 19, pp. 2770-2772, 1997.
J. C. Hulteen and C. R. Martin, "A general template-based method for the preparation of nanomaterials," Journal of Materials Chemistry, vol. 7, no. 7, pp. 1075-1087, 1997.
Y. Lei, W. Cai, and G. J. P. i. M. S. Wilde, "Highly ordered nanostructures with tunable size, shape and properties: A new way to surface nano-patterning using ultra-thin alumina masks," vol. 52, no. 4, pp. 465-539, 2007.
F. M. Hussein, "Synthesis and Characterization of Nanostructure Tio2/Anthraquenone (AQ) Prepared by Sol-Gel Method," Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 28, no. 1, pp. 76-83, 2017.
A. Al-Haddad et al., "Dimensional Dependence of the Optical Absorption Band Edge of TiO2 Nanotube Arrays beyond the Quantum Effect," The Journal of Physical Chemistry C, vol. 119, no. 28, pp. 16331-16337, 2015.
S. Tarish et al., "The shift of the optical absorption band edge of ZnO/ZnS core/shell nanotube arrays beyond quantum effects," Journal of Materials Chemistry C, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 1369-1374, 2016.
S. Tarish et al., "Highly efficient biosensors by using well-ordered ZnO/ZnS core/shell nanotube arrays," Nanotechnology, vol. 28, no. 40, p. 405501, 2017.
C. R. Martin, "Membrane-based synthesis of nanomaterials," Chemistry of materials, vol. 8, no. 8, pp. 1739-1746, 1996.
F. Li, L. Zhang, and R. M. Metzger, "On the growth of highly ordered pores in anodized aluminum oxide," Chemistry of Materials, vol. 10, no. 9, pp. 2470-2480, 1998.
I. H. Malitson and M. J. Dodge, "Refractive-index and birefringence of synthetic sapphire," in Journal of the Optical Society of America, 1972, vol. 62, no. 11, pp. 1405-1405.
A. V. Malinka, "Light scattering in porous materials: Geometrical optics and stereological approach," Journal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer, vol. 141, pp. 14-23, 2014.
H. Yamashita et al., "Single-site and nano-confined photocatalysts designed in porous materials for environmental uses and solar fuels," Chemical Society Reviews, vol. 47, no. 22, pp. 8072-8096, 2018.
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
Articles accepted for publication in Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science (MJS) are protected under the Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License (CC BY-NC). Authors of accepted articles are requested to sign a copyright release form prior to their article being published. All authors must agree to the submission, sign copyright release forms, and agree to be included in any correspondence between MJS and the authors before submitting a work to MJS. For personal or educational use, permission is given without charge to print or create digital copies of all or portions of a MJS article. However, copies must not be produced or distributed for monetary gain. It is necessary to respect the copyright of any parts of this work that are not owned by MJS.