Analysis The Intensity of CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion in Iraq


  • Ahmed S. Hassan Department of Atmospheric Sciences, College of Sciences, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad.
  • Jasim H. Kadhum Department of Atmospheric Sciences, College of Sciences, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad.



CO2 intensity, Total CO2 emissions, Iraq.


Carbon dioxide intensity (CI) refers to carbon dioxide emissions from fossil fuel combustion that mainly used for electricity, heat, transport, and other life requirements. The objective of this paper is better to understand CI as an indicator of Global Warming, and compared its behavior with two other variables (total CO2 emissions, and CO2 emissions per capita). The main data sources an available and activity data from Carbon Dioxide Information Analysis Center (CDIAC). Three annual variables used in this study; CI, total CO2 emissions, and CO2 per capita for fossil fuel emissions during long time series from (1971 to 2018).

The results of CI shown that the highest value found out at the beginning of the study in 1971 was (7.188 kg/kg oil equivalent), and then decreased till reach to lower value was (1.707 kg/kg oil equivalent) in 1997, after that slowly increased in the last decade near to (3.63 kg/kg oil equivalent). The total CO2 emissions were strongly related to oil prediction. The highest value for total CO2 emissions was (188.1 Mt) in 2018, with Iraqi oil production more than (4.78 million barrel/day). The total CO2 emissions increased by (65. 176%) during the study period.  The total CO2 emissions were inversely proportional to CI.  The level of CO2 emission per capita rate fluctuated around average (3.49 metric tons per capita); the maximum rate was (4.99 metric tons per capita) in 2013.         


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How to Cite

A. S. Hassan and J. H. Kadhum, “Analysis The Intensity of CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion in Iraq”, Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 47–50, May 2021, doi: 10.23851/mjs.v32i2.982.

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