Seed/Catalyst-Free Growth of 2D And 3D Zno Nanostructures on Glass Substrate by Thermal Evaporation Method: Effects of Carrier Gas Flow Rate


  • Forat H. Alsultany Al-Mustaqbal University College, Department of Medical Physics, IRAQ
  • Rusul A. Ghazia Al-Mustaqbal University College, Department of Medical Physics, IRAQ



ZnO nanostructure, Seed layer, CW CO2 laser, Thermal evaporation


Here, we report the seed/catalyst-free growth of 2D and 3D ZnO nanostructures on a glass substrate by thermal evaporation of Zn powder in the presence of O2 gas. These nanostructures were grown on (75 ± 5 nm) ZnO seed layers, which were deposited on glass substrates by radio frequency magnetron sputtering. Prior to synthesized ZnO nanostructures, the sputtered ZnO seeds were annealed using the continuous wave CO2 laser at 450 ℃ in air for 15 min.The effects of carrier gas flow rate on the morphological, structural, and optical properties were systematically studied using field emission scanning electron microscopy, X-ray diffraction and UV-Vis spectroscopy.


Li, Yu-Ren, et al. "Thickness effect of NiO

on the performance of ultraviolet sensors with p-NiO/n-ZnO nanowire heterojunction structure." Vacuum 118 (2015): 48-54..

Alsultany, Forat H., Z. Hassan, and Naser

M. Ahmed. "Catalyst-free growth of ZnO nanowires on ITO seed layer/glass by thermal evaporation method: Effects of ITO

seed layer laser annealing temperature." Superlattices and Microstructures 92 (2016): 68-79.

Jitao Lv, et al., Accumulation, speciation and uptake pathway of ZnO nanoparticles in maize, Environ. Sci.: Nano 2 (1) (2015)


Q. Qiao, et al., Light-emitting diodes fabricated from small-size ZnO quantum dots, Mater. Lett. 74 (2012) 104–106.

Harald Lorenz, et al., ZnO is a CO2 selective steam reforming catalyst, J. Catal. 297 (2013) 151–154.

Yanhui Yuan, et al., A ZnO thin-film driven microcantilever for nanoscale actuation and sensing, Int. J. Smart Nano Mater. 4 (2) (2013) 128–141.

Jiawen Fang, et al., Morphology control of

ZnO nanostructures for high efficient dye

sensitized solar cells, Mater. Charact. 108

(2015) 51–57.

Rodrigues, Adriana, Maria CM Alves, and Jonder Morais. "Self-assembled nanocolumnar ZnO films chemically deposited on stainless steel with controlled morphology and thickness." Materials Letters 114 (2014): 122-125.

Pradhan, D., and K. T. Leung. "Vertical growth of two-dimensional zinc oxide nanostructures on ITO-coated glass: effects of deposition temperature and deposition time." The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 112.5 (2008): 1357-1364.

Fuxue, Wang, et al. "Luminescence properties of tetrapod ZnO nanostructures." Journal of Semiconductors 35.6 (2014): 063004.

G. Kenanakis, N. Katsarakis, Ultrasonic spray pyrolysis growth of ZnO and ZnO: Al nanostructured films: application to photocatalysis, Mater. Res. Bull. 60 (2014) 752–759.

Christian Weigand, et al., Epitaxial relationships of ZnO nanostructures grown by Au-assisted pulsed laser deposition on c-and a-plane sapphire, J. Cryst. Growth 355 (1) (2012) 52–58..

Husam S. Al-Salman, M.J. Abdullah, Preparation of ZnO nanostructures by RF magnetron sputtering on thermally oxidized porous silicon substrate for VOC sensing application, Measurement 59 (2015) 248–257.

J. Li, et al., Synthesis and luminescence properties of ZnO nanostructures produced by the sol–gel method, J. Cryst. Growth 310 (3) (2008) 599–603.

Y Orlov, Anatolii, et al., ZnO nanostructures via hydrothermal synthesis on atomic layer deposited seed-layers, in: IEEE 35th International Conference on Electronics and Nanotechnology (ELNANO), IEEE, 2015.

Alsultany, Forat H., Z. Hassan, and Naser M. Ahmed. "Control growth of catalyst-free ZnO tetrapods on glass substrate by thermal evaporation method." Ceramics International 42.11 (2016): 13144-13150.

Forat H. Alsultany, Naser M. Ahmed, M.Z. Matjafri, Effects of CW CO2 laser annealing on indium tin oxide thin films characteristics, Soft Nanosci. Lett. 4 (04) (2014) 83.

H. Abdulgafour, Z. Hassan, F. Yam, and C. Chin, "Sensing devices based on ZnO hexagonal tube-like nanostructures grown on p-GaN heterojunction by wet thermal evaporation," Thin Solid Films, vol. 540, pp. 212-220, 2013.

Zhou, Hai, et al. "The investigation of Al-doped ZnO as an electron transporting layer for visible-blind ultraviolet photodetector based on n-ZnO nanorods/p-Si heterojunction." Materials Science in Semiconductor Processing 38 (2015): 67-71.




How to Cite

F. H. Alsultany and R. A. Ghazia, “Seed/Catalyst-Free Growth of 2D And 3D Zno Nanostructures on Glass Substrate by Thermal Evaporation Method: Effects of Carrier Gas Flow Rate”, MJS, vol. 29, no. 3, pp. 129–132, Mar. 2019.