Antibacterial Activity of Zinc Oxide Nano Particles Against Bacteria Isolated from Infants with Urinary Tract Infection




infant, bacteria, urinary tract infection, zinc oxide nano particles, Antibacterial activity.


This study included the collection of 70 sample of urine from infant aged between (2 days-2 years) divided into 35 sample of healthy children and 35 sample of children suffering from urinary tract infection, Through which get 40 isolated of different types of bacteria. And at different rates ranged between (27 , 12.8 , 7.1 , 5.7 , 4.2 % ) As percentages of the total isolation and (47.5 , 22.5 , 12.5 , 10 , 4.2 %) As percentages of isolation ratios qualitative for E.coli , Proteus mirabilis , Klebsiella Aerogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus Faecalis respectively ,While the number of bacteria in sick children was ( 15, 8, 5, 3, 2 ) isolated for E.coli, Proteus mirabilis, Klebsiella Aerogenes, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus Faecalis respectively with isolation rates (42.85, 22.85, 14.28, 8.57, 5.7 %) Compared with healthy children who were (4) isolated for E.coli and with isolated ratios have (11.42%) and one isolated for each of Proteus mirabilis, Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Enterococcus Faecalis with isolated ratios (2.85 %) for this types respectively, also the preparation of zinc oxide nanoparticles done in Nanotechnology and Advanced Materials Research Center (NAMRC) in university of technology and Prepared of Zinc Oxide NanoParticles were investigated via using Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM, the VEGA Easy Probe), X-ray powder diffraction (XRD) and antibacterial activity and the results of Zinc Oxide Nano Particles against bacteria explain a bility of it's to inhibition growth of bacteria in different rate of bacteriostatic when used in different concentration.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biography

  • azhar jabbar bohan, nanotechnology and advanced research center / university of technology
    assestant lecture in biomedical nanotechnology department in nano technology and advanced materials research center / university of technology


Ana Cristina Simões e Silva and Eduardo Araújo Oliveira (2015). Update on the approach of urinary tract infection in childhood . Department of Pediatrics, Unit of Pediatric Nephrology, Interdisciplinary Laboratory of Medical Investigation, Faculty of Medicine, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais (UFMG), Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil Received 16 April 2015; accepted 6 May 2015.

Nuutinen M, Recurrence Uhari M. follow-up after urinary tract infection under the age of 1 year. Pediatr Nephrol. 2001;16:69---72.

Riccabona M (2003). Urinary tract infections in children. Current Opinion in Urology 13: 59-62

Schalger TA (2001). Urinary Tract Infections in Children Younger Than 5 Years of Age. Paediatric Drugs 3(3): 219-227.

Wiswell T (2000). The Prepuce, Urinary Tract Infections, and the Consequences. Pediatrics 105: 860-62.

Panaretto K, Craig J, et al. (1999). Risk factors for recurrent urinary tract infection in preschool children. Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 35: 454-459.

Kanellopoulos TA, Salakos C, Spiliopoulou I, Ellina A, Niko-lakopoulou NM, Papanastasiou DA. First urinary tract infectionin neonates, infants and young children: a comparative study.Pediatr Nephrol. 2006;21:1131---7.

Arshad M, Seed PC. Urinary tract infections in the infant. ClinPerinatol. 2015;42:17---28, vii.

Ismaili K, Lolin K, Damry N, Alexander M, Lepage P, HallM. Febrile urinary tract infections in 0- to 3-month-oldinfants: a prospective follow-up study. J Pediatr. 2011;158:91---4.

Liu DB, Armstrong WR 3rd, Maizels M. Hydronephrosis: prena-tal and postnatal evaluation and management. Clin Perinatol.2014;41:661---78.

K. Kotloff, J. Winickoff, B. Ivanoff, J.D. Clemens, D. Swerdlow, P. Sansonetti, G. Adak and M. Levine, (1999): Global burden of Shigella infections: implications for vaccine development and implementation of control strategies. Bull. World Health Organisation, 1999; 77(8): 651–666.

M.L.M. Francisco Javier Gutie´rrez, P. Gato´n and R. Rojo,: in Scientific, Health and Social Aspects of the Food Industry: Nanotechnology and Food Industry, ed. by B. Valdez InTech Europe, Rijeka, 2012; 95–128.

Suchea, M, Christoulakis, S, Moschovis, K, Katsarakis, N and Kiriakidis, G: ZnO transparent thin films for gas sensor applications. Thin Solid Films., 2006; 515: 551–554.

P. S. Bedi* and arshdeep kaur (2015), an overview on uses of zinc oxide nanoparticles .

world journal of pharmacy and pharmaceutical sciences.volume 4, issue 12, 1177-1196 .

Q. Chaudhry and L. Castle.,: Food applications of nanotechnologies: an overview of opportunities and challenges for developing countries. Trends Food Sci. Technol, 2011; 22(11): 595–603.

P. Kaur, R. Thakur, S. Kumar and N. Dilbaghi: Interaction of ZnO nanoparticles with food borne pathogens Escherichia coli DH5and Staphylococcus aureus 5021 and their bactericidal efficacy, in International Conference on Advances in Condensed and Nano Materials; AIP Proceedings, 2011; 153.

P. Narayanan, W.S. Wilson, A.T. Abraham and M. Sevanan,: Synthesis, characterization, and antimicrobial activity of zinc oxide nanoparticles against human pathogens. Bio Nano Science, 2012; 2(4): 329–335.

H. de Azeredo,: Antimicrobial nanostructures in food packaging. Trends Food Sci. Technol., 2013; 30(1): 56–69.

N. Soares, C.A.S. Silva, P. Santiago-Silva, P.J.P Espitia, M.P.J.C. Gonc, alves, M.J.G. Lopez, J. Miltz, M.A. Cerqueira, A.A: Aspects of Milk and Dairy Products: Active and Intelligent Packaging for Milk and Milk Products, ed. by J.A.T. Jane Selia dos Reis Coimbra, Vicente, J. Teixeira, 2009; 155–174.

Nohynek GJ, Lademann J, Ribaud C and Roberts MS.: Grey goo on the skin? Nanotechnology, cosmetic and sunscreen safety. Crit Rev Toxicol., 2007; 37: 251–77.

J.N. Hasnidawani, H.N. Azlina, H. Norita1, N.N. Bonnia, S. Ratim and E.S. Ali, Synthesis of ZnO Nanostructures Using Sol-Gel Method. Procedia Chemistry 19 ( 2016 ) 211 – 216.

Duha S. Ahmed, Ali L. Abed, Azhar J. Bohan, Jhan Y. Rbat , Effect of (ZnO/MWCNTs) Hybrid Concentrations on Microbial Pathogens Removal . eng & tech journal,vol.33,part(B),No.8,2015.

,Chittaranjan Bhakat, Prasoon Pal Singh (2012) .Zinc Oxide Nanorods: Synthesis and Its Applications in Solar Cell .International Journal of Modern Engineering Research (IJMER) , Vol.2, Issue.4, July-Aug. 2012 pp-2452-2454 .Part (B), No.8,2015ng. .33,Part (B), No.8,

Rizwan W, Young-Soon K, Amrita M,Soon-Il Y, Hyung-Shik Sh (2010). Formation of ZnOmicro-flowers prepared via solution process and their antibacterial activity. J. Nanoscale Res. Lett., 5(10): 1675–1681.

Chao Wang, Lian-Long Liu, Ai-Ting Zhang, Peng Xie, Jian-Jun Lu and Xiao-Ting Zou (2012). Antibacterial effects of zinc oxide nanoparticles on Escherichia coli K88, African Journal of Biotechnology Vol. 11(44), pp. 10248-10254, 31 May, 2012.


Key Dates





Original Article

How to Cite

azhar jabbar bohan, “Antibacterial Activity of Zinc Oxide Nano Particles Against Bacteria Isolated from Infants with Urinary Tract Infection”, Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 29, no. 2, pp. 34–42, Nov. 2018, doi: 10.23851/mjs.v29i2.176.

Similar Articles

1-10 of 207

You may also start an advanced similarity search for this article.