Modified Method of PAPR Reduction Using Clipping and Filtering for Image Transmission with OFDM

Authors

  • Ghassan Muslim Hassan Department of Computer Science, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, 10052 Baghdad, IRAQ. https://orcid.org/0000-0002-1480-091X
  • Muaadh Mukred Faculty of Information Science and Technology, Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia, 43600 Bangi, MALAYSIA.
  • Abdu Hasan Gumaei Department of Computer Science, College of Computer Engineering and Sciences, Prince Sattam Bin Abdulaziz University, Al-Kharj 11942, SAUDI ARABIA

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23851/mjs.v34i4.1400

Keywords:

OFDM, PAPR, BER, Clipping & Filtering, SNR

Abstract

Due to the capability of OFDM (Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing) to handle difficult channels, the most agreeable modulation for the multi-carrier scheme in present wireless communications is to improve an all-purpose modulation scheme, especially with high data rates. The image in this research article was transmitted and received on a noisy channel using an OFDM simulation technique. Since the average peak power ratio (PAPR) is one of the main disadvantages of OFDM, a new method has been proposed to reduce the PAPR using the clipping and filtering (CF) method. When the OFDM signal has a high PAPR, it means that many subcarrier components will be added through the operation of IFFT. Also, choosing the type of modulation to examine and getting a perfect type of OFDM system that is used for transmitting the image. Furthermore, signal-to-noise ratio (SNR) was considered to find the PAPR effect on the OFDM signal. The new method was tested to get a reduction of PAPR concerning CF and without CF. This method depends on clipping the signal before transmitting it, by using a method to overcome a nonlinear distortion, and therefore, decrease the bit error rate (BER). Then a filter with multi-stages was used to minimize the noise. This whole process was repeated several times to overcome the difficulties of transmitting/receiving the signal including PAPR. BER and SNR show wonderful outcomes when BPSK is chosen. Control over transmission and reception is also considered to be the type of modulation. All simulation results were defined using an Additive White Gaussian Noise (AWGN) channel.

Metrics

Metrics Loading ...

References

G. M. Hassan, K. A. Abu Bakar, and R. M. Mokhtar, "Sending Image in Noisy Channel Using Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing Scheme," Journal of Theoretical and Applied Information Technology, vol. 96, no. 12, pp. 3791-3801, 2018.

A. F. Molisch, Wireless Communications, second ed., University of Southern California, USA, John Wiley & Sons Ltd, 2011.

A. Agarwal1, K. Agarwal, "Implementation and Performance Evaluation of OFDM System in Diverse Transmission Channel Using Simulink," American Journal of Electrical and Electronic Engineering, vol. 3, no. 5, pp. 117-123, 2015.

S. Sharma, P. K. Gaur, "Survey on PAPR Reduction Techniques in OFDM System," International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer and Communication Engineering, vol. 4, no. 6, pp. 271-274, 2015.

H. Hamis, I. Tawfik, "Hybrid NOMA-based ACO-FBMC/OQAM for next-generation indoor optical wireless communications using LiFi technology," Optical and Quantum Electronics, Springer, vol. 54, no. 3, pp. 201-217, 2022.

CrossRef

V. S. Devi, S. V. Naresh, "An Effective Approach for Color Image Transmission over OFDM for Video Broadcasting Applications," International Journal & Magazine of Engineering, Technology, Management and Research, vol. 4, no. 12, pp. 26-31, 2015.

D. Patne, P. N. Pusdekar, "Optimized Transmission of Images with OFDM over AWGN Channel Using Trigonometric Transforms," International Journal of Science and Research (IJSR), vol. 5, no. 4, pp. 1540-1543, 2016.

CrossRef

A. Sharma, S. De, and H. M. Gupta, "Energy-Efficient Transmission of DWT Image over OFDM fading Channel," In 2011 Third International Conference on Communication Systems and Networks (COMSNETS 2011), Bangalore, India, 2011.

CrossRef

M. N. A. Shareef, M. I. A. Ahsan, "Energy Efficient Transmission of DWT Image Over OFDM Using BPSK, QPSK and 16PSK," International Journal of Advanced Research in Computer Engineering & Technology (IJARCET), vol. 4, no. 5, pp. 2444-2449, 2015.

G. M. Hassan, M. R. Mokhtar, R. A. Al-Saqour, K. A. Abu Bakar, "On Noisy Fading Channel, Image Transmission Using Orthogonal Frequency Division Multiplexing System," International Journal of Future Generation Communication and Networking, vol. 10, no. 8, pp. 15-28, 2017.

CrossRef

M. Elsharief, A. Zekry, M. Abouelatta, "Implementing a Standard DVB-T System using MATLAB Simulink," International Journal of Computer Applications, vol. 98, no. 5, pp. 27-32, 2014.

CrossRef

R. Musabe, B. L. Mafrebo, V. M. Ushindi, A. Mugisha, N. James, G. Bajpai, "PAPR reduction in LTE network using both peak windowing and clipping techniques," Journal of Electrical Systems and Information Technology, vol. 9, no. 3, pp.1-11, 2019.

CrossRef

B. D. Timande, M. K. Nigam, "PAPR Reduction an effective approach for next frontier MIMO-OFDM systems," Journal of Engineering Research, Online First Articles, pp. 1-15, 2021.

CrossRef

P. Dhok, A. Dhanvijay, "A Review on Digital Video Broadcasting Terrestrial (DVB-T) Based OFDM System," International Journal of Engineering and Techniques, vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 27-31, 2015.

L. P. Dachuri, N. Uppala, "Energy Efficient Transmission of Image over DWT-OFDM System," International Journal of Electrical, Computer, Energetic, Electronic and Communication Engineering, vol. 7, no. 9, pp. 1264-1270, 2013.

A. Soni, A. C. Tiwari, "Performance Analysis of OFDM System under FFT, DWT and DCT Based Transform Techniques," International Journal of Emerging Technology and Advanced Engineering, vol. 4, no. 7, pp. 702-709, 2014.

D. Li, X. Xiong, H. Wang, "Performance Analysis of CFO Estimation for OFDM Systems with Low-Precision Quantization," Wireless Communications, Networking and Applications, Springer India, vol. 348, Lecture Notes in Electrical Engineering, pp. 1005-1016, 2016.

CrossRef

S. Sharma1, J. Gupta, J. Jan, "Performance Analysis of OFDM with QPSK Using AWGN and RAYLEIGH Fading Channel," International Journal of Advances in Engineering & Technology, vol. 6, no. 6, pp. 2635-2645, 2014.

K. R. Arjun, T. P. Surekhe, "Peak-to-Average Power Ratio reduction in Wavelet based OFDM using Modified Selective Mapping for Cognitive Radio Applications," Walailak J Sci & Tech., vol. 18, no. 12, pp. 19814(12 pages), 2021.

CrossRef

M. J. Hao, W. W. Pi, "PAPR Reduction in OFDM Signals by Self-Adjustment Gain Method," Journal of Electronics, vol. 10, no. 14, 2021.

CrossRef

M. R. Abou Yassin, H. Abdallah, H. Issa, S. Abou Chahine, "Universal Filtered Multi-Carrier Peak to Average Power Ratio Reduction," Journal of Communications, vol. 14, no. 3, pp. 243-248, 2019.

CrossRef

S. Sengar, P. P. Bhattacharya, "Performance Improvement in OFDM System by PAPR Reduction," Signal & Image Processing: An International Journal (SIPIJ), vol. 3, no. 2, pp. 157-169, 2012.

CrossRef

M. Bisht, A. Joshi, "Various Techniques to Reduce PAPR in OFDM Systems: A Survey," International Journal of Signal Processing, Image Processing and Pattern Recognition, vol. 8, no. 11, pp. 195-206, 2015.

CrossRef

L. Naila,J. F. Hélard, and M, Crussière, "In-Band and Out-Of-Band Distortions Optimization for ATSC 3.0 Transmission: A Novel TR PAPR Reduction Algorithm," In 2018 14th International Conference on Wireless and Mobile Computing, Networking and Communications (WiMob), Limassol, Cyprus, pp. 1-8, 2018.

CrossRef

EDN Network. (Scientific Article) Act 2010, " Is BER the bit error ratio or the bit error rate?,". [Online]. Available: https://www.edn.com/is-ber-the-bit-error-ratio-or-the-bit-error-rate/.

R. Gerzaguet, N. Bartzoudis, L. G. Baltar, V. Berg, J. B. Doré, D. Kténas, O. F. Bach, X. Mestre, M. Payaró, M. Färber K. Roth, "The 5G candidate waveform race: A comparison of complexity and performance," EURASIP Journal on Wireless Communications and Networking, vol. 2017, no. 13, pp. 1- 14, 2017.

CrossRef

J. Wang, A. Jin, D. Shi, L. Wang, H. Shen, D. Wu, L. Hu, L. Gu, L. Lu, Y. Chen, J. Wang, Y. Saito, A. Benjebbour Y. Kishiyama, "Spectral efficiency improvement with 5G technologies: Results from field tests," IEEE J. Sel. Area. Commun. vol. 35, no. 8, pp. 1867- 1875, 2017.

CrossRef

Downloads

Published

30-12-2023

Submission Dates

Received: 15/05/2023

Accepted: 28/06/2023

 

How to Cite

[1]
G. M. Hassan, M. . Mukred, and A. H. . Gumaei, “Modified Method of PAPR Reduction Using Clipping and Filtering for Image Transmission with OFDM”, Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 34, no. 4, pp. 75–86, Dec. 2023.

Issue

Section

Computer Science