Natural Ingredients in the Jimen Basin Using Remote Sensing Technology


  • Mohammed Hazim Khalel College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, 10052 Baghdad, IRAQ.
  • Ali Fuad Hamza Faculty of Arts and Human Sciences, The Islamic University of Lebanon, Beirut, LEBANON.
  • Firas Khaled Faculty of Arts, Lebanese university, Beirut, LEBANON.



Water harvesting, Hydrology, Jimen Basin, GIS


The scarcity of water resources constitutes a real problem facing man on an ongoing basis, especially with the exacerbation of environmental degradation and drought that affected large parts of the globe. With the increase in the number of the earth's population, the world is in need of more water sources for various activities. The study of the importance of water harvesting in its economic and environmental advantages lies in the impact on increasing and improving the productivity of agricultural crops by providing additional water at a low cost using supplementary irrigation. Remote sensing and applications of informatics systems are used to detect the best sites for the application of rainstorm water collection methods. This study aims to produce a map of the optimal sites for water harvesting methods to benefit from the water at the site of its fall without waiting for it to reach the downstream in Jimen Basin. This site is characterized by the presence of geological formations that have an important role in the application of water harvesting such as solid formations that allow the construction of dams within the basin. The study analyzed a lot of data on air temperature, solar radiation, relative humidity, evaporation, and rainfall amount. The geological formations, natural plants, and types of soil were also studied. It was found that Jimen Basin is very suitable to be used as a water harvesting basin to develop the region around the basin which is semi-arid. In conclusion, the proposed lake can help provide the possibility of establishing a residential city and also be a promising tourist site.


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Original Article

How to Cite

M. H. . Khalel, A. F. . Hamza, and F. . Khaled, “Natural Ingredients in the Jimen Basin Using Remote Sensing Technology”, Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 34, no. 2, pp. 19–24, Jun. 2023, doi: 10.23851/mjs.v34i2.1300.

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