State of the Art of Synthesized PANI-(Sn+2/TiO2) Nanocomposites for Conductive Application

Authors

  • Qusay Al-Haidary Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, IRAQ.
  • Ali M. Al-Mokaram Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, IRAQ.
  • Ahmad H. Ismail Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, IRAQ.
  • Fadhela M. Hussein Department of Chemistry, College of Science, Mustansiriyah University, Baghdad, IRAQ.

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.23851/mjs.v33i1.1100

Keywords:

Polyaniline, Conductivity, Nanocomposites, Nanomaterial

Abstract

Conducting polymer nanocomposites are the forthcoming materials for developing technologies, as they possess a combination of unique properties of their components. This study used the sol-gel technique to prepare and fabricate nanocomposite of polyaniline (PANI), with nanomaterial (TiO2), doped by tin (Sn+2) (PANI/Sn+2/TiO2). Novel nanocomposites were prepared in different ratios (5%, 10%, 15%, 20%, and 25%) of weight for the nanomaterial (Sn+2/TiO2) to the polymer (PANI). The prepared nanocomposites were characterized with several techniques including Fourier transform infrared (FT-IR) Spectrometer, Ultraviolet-visible (UV-vis.) spectroscopy, X-ray diffraction (XRD), Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM), and Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM). This research has presented the role of nanomaterial and described the easy process of their homogenous distribution in the (PANI/Sn+2/TiO2) nanocomposites. The electrical conductivity of the prepared materials was examined and confirmed by electrical conductivity. The combination of Sn+2/TiO2 in the PANI matrix will be very valuable for the improvement of the physical and chemical properties of the polymer's conductivity.

References

R. Jamal, F. Xu, W. Shao, and T. Abdiryim, "The study on the application of solid-state method for synthesizing the polyaniline/noble metal (Au or Pt) hybrid materials," Nanoscale Res. Lett., vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 1-8, 2013.

CrossRef | PubMed

X. Li, H. Shi, and Y. Shang, "Surface properties of polyaniline/nano-TiO2 composites," in Proceedings of the International Conference on Parallel and Distributed Systems - ICPADS, 2004, vol. 10, pp. 395-402.

M. Tomczykowa and M. E. Plonska-Brzezinska, "Conducting polymers, hydrogels and their composites: Preparation, properties and bioapplications," Polymers, vol. 11, no. 2. 2019.

CrossRef | PubMed

Liu, L. H. Bac, J. S. Kim, B. K. Kim, and J. C. Kim, "Synthesis and characterization of conducting polyaniline-copper composites," J. Nanosci. Nanotechnol., vol. 13, no. 11, pp. 7728-7733, 2013.

CrossRef | PubMed

X. Du, H. Y. Liu, G. Cai, Y. W. Mai, and A. Baji, "Use of facile mechanochemical method to functionalize carbon nanofibers with nanostructured polyaniline and their electrochemical capacitance," Nanoscale Res. Lett., vol. 7, 2012.

CrossRef | PubMed

Xia and Q. Wang, "Ultrasonic irradiation: A novel approach to prepare conductive polyaniline/nanocrystalline titanium oxide composites," Chemistry of Materials, vol. 14, no. 5. pp. 2158-2165, 2002.

CrossRef

W.-H. Jeong, T. Amna, Y.-M. Ha, M. S. Hassan, H.-C. Kim, and M.-S. Khil, "Novel PANI nanotube@TiO2 composite as efficient chemical and biological disinfectant," Chem. Eng. J., vol. 246, pp. 204-210, Jun. 2014.

CrossRef

D. Chowdhury, R. Gangopadhyay, and A. De, "Highly sensitive electrochemical biosensor for glucose, DNA and protein using gold-polyaniline nanocomposites as a common matrix," Sensors Actuators, B Chem., vol. 190, pp. 348-356, 2014.

CrossRef

R. Bushra et al., "Preparation of polyaniline based nanocomposite material and their environmental applications," Int. J. Environ. Sci. Technol., vol. 12, no. 11, pp. 3635-3642, 2015.

CrossRef

H. Sun, C. Ma, T. Wang, Y. Xu, B. Yuan, and Y. Kong, "Satellite TiO2 nanoparticles induced by silver ion in polymer electrolytes membrane for propylene/propane separation," Mater. Chem. Phys., vol. 148, no. 3, pp. 790-797, 2014.

CrossRef

N. A. K. Umiati, S. Nurrahmi, K. Triyana, and K. Abraha, "Investigation electrical properties of nanofiber polyaniline with molarity dopant variation as polymer conductive," in 2014 1st International Conference on Information Technology, Computer, and Electrical Engineering: Green Technology and Its Applications for a Better Future, ICITACEE 2014 - Proceedings, Mar. 2015, pp. 79-82, doi: 10.1109/ICITACEE.2014.7065718.

CrossRef

G. M. Hou, M. Q. Zhang, Y. F. Huang, and W. H. Ruan, "A TiO2/PEO composite incorporated with: In situ synthesized hyper-branched poly(amine-ester) and its application as a polymer electrolyte," RSC Adv., vol. 6, no. 86, pp. 83406-83411, 2016.

CrossRef

M. A. AL-Mokaram, R. Yahya, M. M. Abdi, and H. N. M. E. Mahmud, "The development of non-enzymatic glucose biosensors based on electrochemically prepared polypyrrole-chitosan-titanium dioxide nanocomposite films," Nanomaterials, vol. 7, no. 6, 2017.

CrossRef | PubMed

León et al., "FTIR and Raman characterization of TiO2 nanoparticles coated with polyethylene glycol as carrier for 2-methoxyestradiol," Applied Sciences (Switzerland), vol. 7, no. 1. 2017.

CrossRef

X. X. He et al., "Facile Fabrication of Multi-hierarchical Porous Polyaniline Composite as Pressure Sensor and Gas Sensor with Adjustable Sensitivity," Nanoscale Research Letters, vol. 12, no. 1. 2017.

CrossRef | PubMed

R. Megha, Y. T. Ravikiran, S. C. Vijaya Kumari, H. G. Raj Prakash, C. H. V. V. Ramana, and S. Thomas, "Enhancement in alternating current conductivity of HCl doped polyaniline by modified titania," Compos. Interfaces, vol. 26, no. 4, pp. 309-324, 2019.

CrossRef

G. MacDiarmid, "Synthetic metals: A novel role for organic polymers," Synthetic Metals, vol. 125, no. 1. pp. 11-22, 2001.

CrossRef

J. Stejskal and R. G. Gilbert, "polyaniline preparation of a conducting polymer (IUPAC Technical Report)," 2002.

CrossRef

S. C. Gumma, A. G. Bidve, and S. Kalyani, "In-Situ Chemical Synthesis and Electrical Properties of PANI/TiO2 Composites," International Research Journal of Engineering and Technology (IRJET), pp. 1598-1603, 2021.

K. R. Reddy, K. V. Karthik, S. B. B. Prasad, S. K. Soni, H. M. Jeong, and A. V. Raghu, "Enhanced photocatalytic activity of nanostructured titanium dioxide/polyaniline hybrid photocatalysts," Polyhedron, vol. 120, pp. 169-174, 2016.

CrossRef

Hashemi Monfared and M. Jamshidi, "Synthesis of polyaniline/titanium dioxide nanocomposite (PANI/TiO2) and its application as photocatalyst in acrylic pseudo paint for benzene removal under UV/VIS lights," Prog. Org. Coatings, vol. 136, 2019.

CrossRef

Lagashetty, "Chemical Oxidation Method for Synthesis of Polyaniline-In 2 O 3 Composites," Res. Inven. Int. J. Eng. Sci., vol. ISBN, no. 10, pp. 59-64, 2012.

F. Sadegh, A. R. Modarresi-Alam, M. Noroozifar, and H. Mansouri-Torshizi, "Solid-state synthesis of PANI-TiO2 nanocomposite: Investigation of reaction conditions, nature of oxidant and electrical properties," Express Polym. Lett., vol. 15, no. 1, pp. 2-15, 2021.

CrossRef

Abdolahi, E. Hamzah, Z. Ibrahim, and S. Hashim, "Synthesis of uniform polyaniline nanofibers through interfacial polymerization", Materials (Basel), vol. 5, no. 8, pp. 1487-1494, 2012.

CrossRef

S. Kotresh, Y. T. Ravikiran, H. G. R. Prakash, and S. C. V. Kumari, "Polyaniline-Titanium dioxide composite as humidity sensor at room temperature," Nanosyst. Physics, Chem. Math., vol. 7, no. 4, pp. 732-739, 2016.

CrossRef

L. C. Silva, "Synthesis and characterization of nanocomposites consisting of polyaniline, chitosan and tin dioxide," Mater. Chem. Phys., vol. 216, no., pp. 402-412, 2018.

CrossRef

N. Qutub, "polyaniline and its nanocomposites," Underst. Soc. through Pop. Music, pp. 122-143, 2021.

H. Zeghioud, S. Lamouri, Y. Mahmoud, and T. Hadj-Ali, "Preparation and characterization of a new polyaniline salt with good conductivity and great solubility in dimethyl sulphoxide," Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society, vol. 80, no. 11. pp. 1435-1448, 2015.

CrossRef

H. Xia and Q. Wang, "Synthesis and characterization of conductive polyaniline nanoparticles through ultrasonic assisted inverse microemulsion polymerization," Journal of Nanoparticle Research, vol. 3, no. 5-6. pp. 401-411, 2001.

X. Chen and S. S. Mao, "Titanium dioxide nanomaterials: Synthesis, properties, modifications and applications," Chemical Reviews, vol. 107, no. 7. pp. 2891-2959, 2007.

CrossRef | PubMed

Asha, S. L. Goyal, D. Kumar, S. Kumar, and N. Kishore, "Synthesis and characterization of polyaniline/TiO2 composites," Indian J. Pure Appl. Phys., vol. 52, no. 5, pp. 341-347, 2014.

U. M. Casado, R. M. Quintanilla, M. I. Aranguren, and N. E. Marcovich, "Composite films based on shape memory polyurethanes and nanostructured polyaniline or cellulose-polyaniline particles," Synthetic Metals, vol. 162, no. 17-18. pp. 1654-1664, 2012.

CrossRef

N. Uk, "Development of a chitosan based nanoparticulate glucose responsive insulin delivery system," vol. 46, no. October. p. 2002.

Downloads

Published

2022-03-10

How to Cite

[1]
Q. Al-Haidary, A. M. . Al-Mokaram, A. H. . Ismail, and F. M. . Hussein, “State of the Art of Synthesized PANI-(Sn+2/TiO2) Nanocomposites for Conductive Application”, MJS, vol. 33, no. 1, pp. 32–38, Mar. 2022.

Issue

Section

Chemical Science