X-Ray Solar Flares Observed and Detected by The New Very-Low-Frequency Receiver in Nasiriyah City, South of Iraq


  • Habeeb Allawi Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research/Directorate of Scholarships and Cultural Relations, Baghdad.
  • Moataz Jasim Ministry of Education, Baghdad.
  • Kareem Abdulameer Difar Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research, Baghdad.




Solar flares, Very low frequency, Sudden Ionospheric Disturbance


A receiver station was installed at Nasiriyah (Dhi Qar University - Faculty of Sciences) to receive very low frequency (VLF) radio signals from transmitters around the world. VLF waves are excellent probes of the sudden ionospheric disturbance (SID); they detect varying properties of the D layer presented as a lower region of the ionosphere when these waves propagate through the Earth-Ionosphere Waveguide. This study describes the set-up of our station system and it demonstrates its ability to detect sudden ionospheric disturbances caused by solar flares in May, June, July, August, and September 2017. We found out that the monitoring station is working successfully to receive FLV signals, and to detect sudden ionospheric disturbances. We detected 17 events resulting from solar flare C-class, 8 events from M-class, and 3 events from X-class that caused an increase in the received FLV amplitude.



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How to Cite

H. Allawi, M. Jasim, and K. A. Difar, “X-Ray Solar Flares Observed and Detected by The New Very-Low-Frequency Receiver in Nasiriyah City, South of Iraq”, Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 32, no. 2, pp. 58–62, May 2021.