Trend Analysis of Annual Surface Air Temperature for Some Stations over Iraq
Keywords:Trend, Surface air temperature, Iraq.
Surface Air Temperature (SAT) is an important weather element affecting the climate and its nature, as it greatly affects the nature of the atmosphere prevailing in the city of Baghdad, as well as the main influence on the pressure systems affecting Iraq and thus the city of Baghdad. In this study, the annual SAT for three aspects of temperatures (mean, maximum, and minimum) for Baghdad city of approved 11 years had studied, analyzed and discussed. The sources of data came from two sources. First, Iraqi Meteorological Organization and Seismology (IMOS), which represented the arithmetic average annually of the SAT, maximum and minimum temperature for the period (2009 – 2019). Second source of data was from Mustansiriyah University, atmospheric sciences department of Atmospheric Sciences - college of Science, the data are supported as monthly average for SAT for Baghdad. Results shown Basrah was high annual of SAT than four selective cities in Iraq. The variation of annual SAT was in the end study period where reach to 7 oC in mean of SAT for Basrah city. The trend of SAT for Baghdad city was positive for Mean and maximum, while negative for minimum case. Mustansiriyah station was high than IMOS station by 2 oC for mean of SAT, and 5 oC for maximum SAT.
Ahmed S. Hassan*, Jasim H. Kadhum, "Analysis the Intensity of CO2 Emissions from Fossil Fuel Combustion in Iraq", Al- Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 32(2), P. 47- 50, 2021, DOI: http://doi.org/10.23851/mjs.v32i2.982.
Khudhairy, A. and Al-Timimi, Y. K., "Spatial and Temporal Analysis of Maximum Temperature over Iraq", Al- Mustansiriyah Journal of Science, vol. 29, 1, 1-8, 2018, DOI: http://doi.org/10.23851/mjs.v29i1.257.
Panda, A, Sahu, N. Trend analysis of seasonal rainfall and temperature pattern in Kalahandi, Bolangir and Koraput districts of Odisha, India. Atmos Sci Lett.; vol. 20, P. 932, 2019. doi.org/10.1002/asl.932 .
Ahmed S. Hassan, and Sara A. Muter, "Variation of daily maximum and minimum temperatures in the summer in the city of Baghdad" Al- Mustansiriyah Journal of Sciences, vol. 27, Issue 1, P. 40-43, 2016.
Ji, Fei; Wu, Zhaohua; Huang, Jianping; Chassignet, Eric P.," Evolution of land surface air temperature trend". Nature Climate Change, vol.4(6), P.462-466. 2014, doi:10.1038/nclimate2223
Attada, R, Dasari, HP, Chowdary, JS, Yadav, RK, Knio, O, Hoteit, I., "Surface air temperature variability over the Arabian Peninsula and its links to circulation patterns". Intentional Journal Climatology, vol. 39, P. 445- 464. 2019. DOI: 10.1002/joc.5821.
Ehab Sh. Ahmed, and Ahmad S. Hassan, "The Impact of the Extreme Air Temperatures on the Characteristics of Iraq Weather", Iraqi Journal of Science,, vol. 59, No. 21, P. 1139 -1145, 2018. DOI:10.24996/ijs.2018.59.2C.19
Kerdprasop, K., Chuaybamroong, P. and Kerdprasop, N. "Modeling Method for Temperature Anomaly Analysis", 10th International Joint Conference on Computational Intelligence, p. 274-280, 2018. Doi: 10.5220/0007224902740280
Yassen K. Al-Timimi and Aws A. Al-Khudhairy, ''Spatial and Temporal Temperature trends on Iraq during 1980-2015'', 2018 J. Phys.: Conf. Ser. 1003 012091. P. 1-12, 2018. doi :10.1088/1742-6596/1003/1/012091
Z. Dong, W. Jia, R. Sarukkalige, G. Fu, Q. Meng, and Q. Wang, "Innovative Trend Analysis of Air Temperature and Precipitation in the Jinsha River Basin, China," Water, vol. 12, no. 11, p. 3293, Nov. 2020. doi:10.3390/w12113293
Ahmed S. Hassan, Ahmed K. Alhashimi, "Effect of Increasing Population Density on Air Temperature for Baghdad City" , Al- Mustansiriyah Journal of Sciences, vol. 29, Issue 1, P. 9-14, 2018. DOI: http://doi.org/10.23851/mjs.v29i1.145
How to Cite
Copyright (c) 2022 Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.
The journal has no restrictions for the author to hold the copyrights of his articles. The journal does not allow authors to republish the same article in other journals or conferences that is published in one of its volumes.