Bacterial Pathogens of Patients with Urinary Tract Infections and Antibiotics Susceptibility in Taiz Governorate-Yemen

ahmed sallem alganady

Abstract


One of the most prevalent bacterial infections are urinary tract infections (UTIs), which affect any age of individuals and they appear higher in women than men, the major problem regarding UTIs are the difficult of antibiotics treatment, due to bacterial pathogens resistance. So, the current study aimed to detect the types of bacterial pathogens and their antibiotics susceptibility of UTIs in Taiz Governorate – Yemen. In this cohort study, one hundred and ten (110) mid-stream urine samples were collected from a symptomatic UTIs patient, the type of bacterial pathogens was identified by using standard bacteriological media and biochemical tests and determine the antibiotics sensitivity to these bacteria using disk diffusion tests. Out of one hundred and ten of urine samples:: 65 of patients were females and 45 were males and the bacterial growth in these patients were sixty-four [46(58.2%)] : (33.7%) were females and (24.5%) were males. Our findings showed that the types of bacterial pathogens include: Escherichia coli (32.7%), Klebsiellapneumoniae (9.1%), Staphylococcus aureus (6.4%), Proteus mirabilis (5.5%) and Pseudomonas aeruginosa (4.5%). The majority (57.9%) of the isolates were from female. The prevalence of UTIs is high among patients with age between 16-30 years with the incident rate 20.9 %, age groups 1-15 years have the lower incidence rate 5.5%. UTIs were more prevalent among the rural area population, there were 50% than the population of the city center, there were 8.2% and the rate of infections were more prevalent among illiterate (no read and write) patients with incidence rate 44.5% , compared to literate (read and write) patients 13.6%. Also, our results showed that the sensitivity test against bacterial pathogens as All bacterial isolates was more sensitive to Ciprofloxacin, followed by Amikacin, Gentamycin , Cefotaxime (except Staphylococcus aureus Cefotaxime (42.9%) and Ceftriaxone (except Staphylococcus aureus) (28.6%). Staphylococcus aureus isolated also were sensitive to Erythromycin, Rifampicin, and Cephalothin. Finally, all isolates showed very high rate of resistance against Amoxicillin, ampicillin and penicillin G.

Keywords


Urinary tract infections, Bacterial pathogens, Antibiotic Susceptibility, Taiz Governorate, Yemen

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References


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23851/mjs.v30i1.530

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