Study Stopping Power Collision in one of Nuclear Element

Sanar G. Hassan

Abstract


The retarding force of the charged particles when interacts with matter causing loss of particle
energy, this physical phenomenon in nuclear physics called stopping power. it has a lot of important
applications such as in nuclear medicine and privation effects of radiations. The charge
particles are alpha and beta particles. in this paper we studies the stopping power, collision and
the stopping power of radioactivity of nuclear elements and to find the relationship between stopping
power collision and stopping power of radioactivity, with arrange of CSDA range for the
low energy electrons data of element F. the CSDA range he CSDA range it is an average distant
length of the moving charge particles when it is path slows to stop. By using approximation of
CSDA range we can calculate the rate of the loss in the energy at any point along the path of the
travel by assuming these energies loss at points of the track are equal to whole stopping power
loss. The CSDA range can be found by reciprocal integration of the total stopping power. from
the Figures (3),(4),(5) and(6)we can get good results

Full Text:

PDF

References


VibhutiYadav, S. N. L. Sirisha, Sonali Bhatnagar, "Study for Stopping Power of Proton in Different materials–A Geant4 Simulation", Proceedings of the DAE Symp. On Nucl. Phys. 57, pp.734-735, 2012.

M. J. Berger, S. M. Seltzer, “Stopping powers and ranges of electrons and posi-tron”, National Bureau of Standards report NBSIR 82-2550, (1982).

Shielding against high energy radiation, Landolt-Börnstein new series, volume I/11, Editor H. Schopper, Springer-Verlag, 1990.

P. Berkvens, "Radiation Safety", Joint University, Accelerator School, 2007.

Batra, R. K., Sehgal, M. L., "Empirical re-lation for total stopping power of positrons and electrons", Nuclear Physics A., 156, 314, 1970.

Batra, R. K., Sehgal, M. L., "Approximate stopping power law of electrons and Posi-trons", Nucl. Inst. Methods, 109, 565, 1973.

Gupta, S. K., Govil, J. C., Gupta,K. K., Tyagi,R. K. and Verma,O. P., "Empirical equations for the stopping power and c. s. d. a. range difference of 0.2 to 10 MeV positrons", Int. J. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 33, 773, 1982.

Unak, T. Ongun, B., Unak, P., and Kumru, M. N., "Comparison of the calculated and measured stoppingpowers of low-energy electrons in different metals", Appl Radiat. Isot.46, 561, 1995.

Berger, M. J. and Seltzer, S. M., "Nat. Bur. Stand. Report", No. NBSIR, 82-2550-A, 1983.

Seltzer, S. M. and Berger, M. J., "Proce-dure for calculating the radiation stopping power for electrons", Int. J. Appl. Radiat. Isot., 33, 1219, 1982.

Paul, H. and Schinner, A., "Atomic Data and Nucl Data Tables", 85, 377, 2003.

Akar, A. and Gumus, H., "Electron stop-ping power in biological compounds for low and intermediate energies with the generalized oscillator strength (GOS) model",Raditation Phys. Chem., 73, 196, 2005.

Gumus, H., "Simple stopping power for-mula for low and intermediate energy elec-trons", Raditation Phys. Chem., 72, 7, 2005.

Oller, J. C., Munoz, A., Percz, J. M., Blan-co, F., Vieira, P. L. and Garcia, G. ,"Inelastic scattering and stopping power of electrons in methane based tissue equiv-alent materials at intermediate and high energies", 10–10 000 eV., Chem. Phys. Letts., 421, 439, 2006.

Tanuma, S., Powell, C. J. and Penn, D. R., "Calculations of stopping powers of 100 eV-30 keV electrons in 31 elemental sol-ids", J. Appl. Phys., 063707,103, 2008.

Pauling, L. ,"The Nature of the Chemical Bond", 3rd ed., Cornell University Press, Ithaca, 1960.

Verma, A. S., "Bond-stretching and bond-bending force constant of binary tetrahe-dral (AIIIBV and AIIBVI) semiconduc-tors", Phys. Letts. A., 372, 7196, 2008.

Verma, A. S., "Thermal properties of chal-copyrite semiconductors', Phil. Mag., 89, 183, 2009.




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23851/mjs.v28i2.519

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Copyright (c) 2018 by Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science
ISSN: 1814-635X (Print), ISSN: 2521-3520 (online)