Elemental analysis of river, marshes and ground water in Thi Qar region, Iraq

Muhanad Hatam Hashim

Abstract


The elemental analysis of the samples collected from marshes water and river water in Thi Qar region of Iraq are done using the X-ray fluorescence technique (XRF). The water samples are collected from Euphrates River, Al- Hammar marshes, ground water and drinking water. The elements observed in various samples are 20Ca, 26Fe, 29Cu, 30Zn, 33As, 35Br and 38Sr. The 20Ca concentration in Euphrates river water constitutes ͂ 2.3% of the left over residue, a value similar to that observed in water from the marshes. The 38Sr concentrations in the Euphrates river water is in the range 2519-5691μg/L. The 38Sr concentrations in Euphrates River are similar to that observed in the marshes water. In Al-Hammar marshes, the concentration of 34As is estimated to be in general below 5 μg/L. The 35Br concentration in various samples collected from Al-Hammar marshes are in the average value =1108 μg/L. The 35Br concentration in various samples collected from Euphrates river are in the average value =676μg/L. The water from Euphrates river is not safe for use for drinking water supply due to high bromine content and the water from the drinking water schemes from the river needs to be monitored for the presence of bromate ions.

Keywords


X-ray fluorescence, River and Marshes water, Elemental Analysis, drinking water contamination.

Full Text:

PDF

References


E. Maltby, An Environmental and Ecological study of the marshlands of Mesopotamia: Draft Consultative Bulletin, Wetland Ecosystems Research Group, University of Exeter. London, 1994.

J. Rzóska, Euphrates and Tigris, Mesopotamian ecology and destiny. W. Junk, The Hague, 1980.

The Iraq Foundation, Draft report physical characteristics of Mesopotamian marshlands of Southern Iraq, Jan. 2003.

UNEP (2010). Support for Environmental Management of the Iraqi Marshlands 2004 - 2009. Nairobi, UNEP: 104 pp.

V. Sharma, S. Kumar, D. Mehta, N. Singh, Phys. Rev. A 78 (2008) 012507(1-19).

S. Puri, J.S. Shahi, B. Chand, M.L. Garg, N. Singh, P.N. Trehan, N. Nath, X-ray Spectrom. 27 (1998) 105.

Ministry of Health, Guidelines for drinking water quality (1998), Iraq.

M. Sanchez-Polo, J. Rivera-Utrilla, E. Salhi, U. Von Gunten, Jol. Colloid and Interface Science 300 (2006) 437.

World Health Organization, Guidelines for drinking water quality (2003).

World Health Organization, Guidelines for drinking water quality (1984), Vol. 1 Recommendation, Switzerland: Geneva, p. 130.

M. Alrakabi, G. Singh, A. Bhalla,, N. Singh, J. S. Shahi and D. Mehta, J Radioanal Nucl Chem,(JRNC), 294221 (2012).

S.J. Goldstein, S.B. Jacobsen, Chem. Geol.66 (1987) 245.

M. Alrakabi, G. Singh, A. Bhalla,, N. Singh, J. S. Shahi and D. Mehta, http://physics.puchd.ac.in/dmehta




DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23851/mjs.v29i2.394

Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2018 Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.


Copyright (c) 2018 by Al-Mustansiriyah Journal of Science
ISSN: 1814-635X (Print), ISSN: 2521-3520 (online)