Relationship of Obesity to Serum Ferritin, Lipid Profile, uric acid and urea at Obesity Medical Center in Iraq

Emad Mahmoud Eltayef

Abstract


Obesity is a hyper assembly of energy in the form of adipose tissues which has worse effects
on health. The major factors of obesity epidemic are: heavy mails which are rich in lipids,
carbohydrates resulting in overweight and eventually obesity, decrease in physical activity
that lead to defect in calories conception. In health care facilities ferritin assay is used as a
screening test to detect iron deficiency; however, its reliability in obesity has been questioned.
The aim of present study was to assess and compare the incidence of obesity, hyperferritinemia,
hyperlipidemia and hypouricemia among middle-aged hypertensive patients in the
local setting as well as, examined ferritin concentrations and other classical indices in obese
males and females. This limited population study was conducted at Obesity Medical Center at
Al-Kindy Teaching Hospital, Baghdad, Iraq from January to march 2016. One hindered and
eight patients were enrolled in this study plus to participate of 61 subjects as healthy control.
On the basis of body mass index (BMI), 169 participants were divided into two groups: BMI
≥ 18.5–25 kg/m2 non obese (control), BMI ≥ 30 kg/m2 obese subjects. The main demographic
features data of the study population appears that systolic blood pressure and diastolic blood
pressure were raised significantly in obese patients (P<0.05) compared with control. Serum
hemoglobin level was decreased significantly in obese male when compared with the nonobese
group and no difference in the female group was observed. In addition, the levels of lipid
profile and other studied parameters according to gender showed the following results: A significant
elevation in TG, LDL, VLDL, glucose, ferritin in obese (for both genders) compared
with the non-obese group. While a significant decrease was noticed in HDL-c, uric acid and
urea level in obsess group compared with the non-obese group in both genders. The comparison
results between obese males and females concluded that a significant elevation in BMI
with a significant decrease in VLDL and ferritin levels in obese females compared with obese
males. The present study includes examined all types of correlation between parameters. In obese
patients (n=108), stepwise linear regression analysis showed that, serum ferritin levels were
independently correlated with LDL, VLDL levels and age, (P< 0.001).

Keywords


Obesity, ferritin , lipid profile , Body Mass index , Obesity complications.

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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.23851/mjs.v29i1.228

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